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science

New look at how water surface area has changed over the past 30 years

New look at how water surface area has changed over the past 30 years

A Dutch team of researches have created a system to measure the Earth's change in water surface area. Their finding showed some construction that weren't declared (a dam in North Korea) and others than weren't realized (Lake Mead is drying up, bad news for California). The system is designed to diagnose and not treat, but that doesn't take away from the utility of the tool.

Source: http://phys.org/news/2016-08-surface-area-years.html

Image Source: By Afghanistan Matters from Brunssum, Netherlands (Water and EarthUploaded by GiW) [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Japan scientists detect rare, deep-Earth tremor

Japan scientists detect rare, deep-Earth tremor

Earthquakes are impossible to predict, but a team from Japan located a tremor deep inside Earth and are saying the shake is related to a storm. The ocean floor between Greenland and Iceland was hit especially hard, causing the tremor. The waves scientists detected were S waves (there are two types of waves when discussing earthquakes: P-waves and S-waves) and S waves are much more faint. Hopefully this discovery makes tracking what occurs inside Earth simpler.

Source: http://phys.org/news/2016-08-japan-scientists-rare-deep-earth-tremor.html

Image Source: By Tomas Castelazo (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Cool nerve cells help mice beat heat

Cool nerve cells help mice beat heat

Scientists have made a fascinating discovery: through nerve cells in the hypothalamus mice are able to regulate their body temperatures, and save on their heating and air conditioning bills. These nerve cells contain a protein called TRPM2, which responded to heat after a battery of tests scientists performed. When mice with the protein and without the protein were subjected to heat, those with TRPM2 maintained a cooler temperature by 1 degree Celsius. Expect scientists to conduct more research on this in the future.

Source: https://www.sciencenews.org/article/cool-nerve-cells-help-mice-beat-heat?tgt=nr

Startups will overtake enterprises in the new AI ecosystem

Startups will overtake enterprises in the new AI ecosystem

As AI's capabilities increase, the ability for computers to perform automatic tasks also increases. Everybody has access to high speed technology, allowing startup hopefuls to research, plan, and create a website with almost no effort.

Source: https://techcrunch.com/2016/08/27/startups-will-overtake-enterprises-in-the-new-ai-ecosystem/

Image Source: By G4mb1t (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Light and matter merge in quantum coupling

Light and matter merge in quantum coupling

Did you know that light and matter can meet in such a way that, with help from a magnetic field, they can become one state? Some very smart people at Rice University wrapped electrons in light, creating a combo of light and matter referred to as a polariton. This mind-bending, particle-combining phenomenon is simply remarkable!

Source: http://phys.org/news/2016-08-merge-quantum-coupling.html

Image Source: By Konstantinos Lagoudakis (The Physics of Exciton-Polariton Condensates) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Harvard’s Octobot is the first autonomous machine to be made with all soft robotics

Harvard’s Octobot is the first autonomous machine to be made with all soft robotics

Without any metal or plastic, Robert Wood and Jennifer Lewis from the Wyss Institute for Biologically Impaired Engineering have created a completely "soft" robot that moves on its own! Called Octobot because of its eight legs and general octopus shape, the bot moves through a microfluid system which pushes hydrogen peroxide to and from its legs to propel the little bot forward. Octobot's future younger sibling will be expected to swim and react to its surroundings.

Source: https://techcrunch.com/2016/08/24/harvards-octobot-is-the-first-autonomous-machine-to-be-made-with-all-soft-robotics/

 

VR rendering software used to trick facial security systems

VR rendering software used to trick facial security systems

For users who are too lazy to type in a password and rather use facial scanning, don't. A study at The University of North Carolina was able to render a 3D image that can fool the security system by finding just a name and three pictures attached to that name. On the five systems UNC tested, only one passed.

Source: https://techxplore.com/news/2016-08-vr-software-facial.html

Image Source: By Hartmann Tresore France (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

 

From Solo Cup to an asteroid: NASA's newest space mission

From Solo Cup to an asteroid: NASA's newest space mission

OSIRIS-REx is destined to blast off to Bennu, an Asteroid near Earth, to collect 4.5 billion year old space dust. Like every other space mission, the objective is to find any characteristics that could suggest life in the universe. Jim Harris, a Lockheed Martin engineer, is the brainchild (brainadult?) behind the OSIRIS-REx.

Source: http://phys.org/news/2016-08-solo-cup-asteroid-nasa-space.html

Image Source: By DiegoAbud (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

How the International Olympic Committee is using technology to educate future host cities

How the International Olympic Committee is using technology to educate future host cities

As the Olympics wind down, the International Olympic Committee is already looking forward to the 2020 game in Tokyo. A branch of the IOC known as the Olympic Games Knowledge Management Program has been working to create content that is more video-oriented to avoid language barriers. The IOC is working with the Swiss-based startup Teleport to compile the data.

Source: https://techcrunch.com/2016/08/21/how-the-international-olympic-committee-is-using-technology-to-educate-future-host-cities/

Paleontologists discover major T. rex fossil (Update)

Paleontologists discover major T. rex fossil (Update)

A team from the University of Washington and the Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture have unearthed approximately 20% of a T-Rex (including a complete skull). Nicknamed "Tufts-Love Rex," the lizard king is approximately 66.3 million years old and has a heavy a 2,500 pound skull. This. Is. Really. Cool.

Source: http://phys.org/news/2016-08-rare-tyrannosaurus-rex-skull-seattle.html

Image Source: By The original uploader was Billlion at English Wikipedia (Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons.) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], via Wikimedia Commons

Fentanyl’s death toll is rising

Fentanyl’s death toll is rising

Fentanyl, primarily used as an anesthetic over the last half century, has become the new covert drug, and some drug users are paying with their lives. Over 300 people have died since 2008 from Fentanyl, which can be passed off wrongly as heroin. The drug causes the chest muscles to freeze (which is why it's an anesthetic in normal circumstances), and is "30 to 40 times more powerful that heroin." Police forces need to crack down and find out how drug chefs are finding the supplies.

Source: https://www.sciencenews.org/article/fentanyl-death-toll-rising?tgt=nr

Image Source: By BQT QT (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Mimo’s new app teaches you how to code on your iPhone

Mimo’s new app teaches you how to code on your iPhone

For anyone who has ever been bored in an area with no data coverage, here's a new app. Mimo is a mobile coding teacher, breaking down Swift, HTML, JavaScript, Python, and others on the go. There is also a points and badge system for those who are achievement based. Right now Mimo is free to download from the App Store, and users can take two courses for no cost; after that, the cost to access the whole content of the app is $49.99.

Source: https://techcrunch.com/2016/08/19/mimos-new-app-teaches-you-how-to-code-on-your-iphone/

Image Source: By Kelvinsong (Own work) [CC BY 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

'Baby, it's hot outside': Why birds sing to eggs

'Baby, it's hot outside': Why birds sing to eggs

Did you know that birds sing to their eggs before they hatch? It sounds like a Disney movie, but it's true, and the song may actually affect the babies' growth. Two groups of eggs were placed in an incubator to two different type of chirps, and those eggs who received the chirps of birds during a hotter temperature grew smaller than birds who heard regular birds singing. The story sounds slightly unbelievable, but birds can control the size of their offspring.

Source: http://phys.org/news/2016-08-baby-hot-birds-eggs.html

Image Source: By Internet Archive Book Images [No restrictions], via Wikimedia Commons

Black Girls Code: The Next Steve Jobs Will Be A Woman of Color

Black Girls Code: The Next Steve Jobs Will Be A Woman of Color

The founder of Black Girls Code, Kimberly Bryant, feels that women are primed to make an impact in STEM.

Source: http://www.forbes.com/sites/whitneyjohnson/2016/08/15/black-girls-code-daring-to-dream-the-next-steve-jobs-will-be-a-woman-of-color/#444aa45439b6

Image Source: By Ståle Grut / nrkbeta (Kimberly Bryant, Black Girls Code @ SXSW 2016) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Physicist claims to have observed quantum effects of Hawking Radiation in the lab for the first time

Physicist claims to have observed quantum effects of Hawking Radiation in the lab for the first time

This is a huge deal. A professor at the Israel Institute of Technology says that he has created a virtual black hole and has noted Hawking Radiation firsthand! Hawking Radiation is the idea that if a particle and its antiparticle sat at the very edge of a black hole, one particle would be pulled in and the other would escape, which would be the only instance anything could escape a black hole. Professor Jeff Steinhauer excited two particles in a fluid made from "a Bose-Einstein condensate of rubidium-87 atoms."

Source: http://phys.org/news/2016-08-physicist-quantum-effects-hawking-lab.html

Image Source: By ESO/WFI (Optical); MPIfR/ESO/APEX/A.Weiss et al. (Submillimetre); NASA/CXC/CfA/R.Kraft et al. (X-ray) Derivative work including grading and crop: Julian Herzog [CC BY 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

China launches the first quantum communications satellite – and what is that, exactly?

China launches the first quantum communications satellite – and what is that, exactly?

Quantum Experiments at Space Scale (QUESS) is now officially in the sky. Its purpose: for scientists to observe if quantum physics tests hold in space. It may be an easier environment to test quantum physics by sending particles up into space. Considering few people even understand quantum physics, the results of this experiment are sure to be confusing.

Source: https://techcrunch.com/2016/08/16/china-launches-the-first-quantum-communications-satellite-and-what-is-that-exactly/

Image Source: By P. Fraundorf (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Researchers discover that DNA naturally fluoresces

Researchers discover that DNA naturally fluoresces

Breaking a fundamental textbook belief, a new study suggests that DNA and RNA give off light, contrary to the current idea that it neither emits nor absorbs light. After shining visible light onto the molecules, they will fluoresce for about two hours. Why? Not sure yet, but the team of professors Vadim Backman, Hao Zhang, and Cheng Sun are eager to find out more.

Source: http://phys.org/news/2016-08-dna-naturally-fluoresces.html

Image Source: By Pixabay (http://pixabay.com) [CC0], via Wikimedia Commons

 

'Chemtrails' not real, say leading atmospheric science experts

'Chemtrails' not real, say leading atmospheric science experts

Have you ever watched an airplane fly overhead, leaving behind trails of condensation? Most likely you have. And so have some conspiracy theorists, who believe that the emissions are part of a governmental "secret-spraying program" which harms the humans and the environments. This program is known by both "chemtrails" and "covert geoengineering." However, a study conducted at Carnegie Mellon asked 77 scientists about the authenticity of chemtrails, and 76 found no credible evidence. If anyone tries to convince you about chemtrails, remember that the theory is bunk.

Source: http://phys.org/news/2016-08-chemtrails-real-atmospheric-science-experts.html

Image Source: By Делфина (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Big data’s humble beginnings

Big data’s humble beginnings

Big data wasn't always big data. It used to be little data, and it would byte everything (bad pun, sorry). 22 years ago, the first online advertisement was generated, birthing the online marketplace and consumer footprints simultaneously. Not only have the advertisements, audiences, or technologies advanced, but the measurements for the success of online ads have improved as well.

Source: https://techcrunch.com/2016/08/14/big-datas-humble-beginnings/

Image Source: By Camelia.boban (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons