References:

1) Walton, G. M. & Spencer, S. J. (2009). Latent ability: Grades and test scores systematically underestimate the intellectual ability of negatively stereotyped students. Psychological Science, 20, 1132-1139.

2) U.S. Department of Commerces. The competitiveness and innovative capacity of the United States. 

http://www.commerce.gov/sites/default/files/documents/2012/january/competes_010511_0.pdf.

3) PCAST President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. Report to the President: Engage to excel: Producing one-million additional college graduates with degrees in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. 

http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/microsites/ostp/pcast-engage-to-excel- final_2-25-12.pdf

4) Tai, R. H., Liu, Q. C., Maltese, A. V., & Fan, X. (2006). Planning early for careers in science. Science. 312, 1143 - 1144.

5) Economics and Statistics Administration. (2011). Women in STEM: A Gender Gap to Innovation. United States Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C.

6) Report to the President: Engage to excel: Producing one-million additional college graduates with degrees in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. 

http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/microsites/ostp/pcast-engage-to-excel- final_2-25-12.pdf